文章摘要
张炜羿.网络平台“守门人”制度研究——基于《个人信息保护法》第58条的考察[J].唐山学院学报,2024,37(1):84-91
网络平台“守门人”制度研究——基于《个人信息保护法》第58条的考察
Research on the “Gatekeeper” System of Network Platforms: A Study Based on Article 58 of the Personal Information Protection Law
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2024.01.012
中文关键词: 守门人  网络平台  个人信息保护法
英文关键词: gatekeeper  network platform  Personal Information Protection Law
基金项目:
作者单位
张炜羿 对外经济贸易大学 法学院, 北京 100020 
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中文摘要:
      数字经济时代,一些超级平台利用数据优势处理个人信息、阻碍公平竞争,使传统理论中"守门人"的中立性受到挑战,"守门人"制度因此成为网络安全立法关注的焦点。欧委会于2020年发布《数字市场法》和《数字服务法》两项提案并于2022年生效,建立了"数字守门人"制度,为数字经济反垄断监管和规制提供了有益借鉴。我国于2021年在《个人信息保护法》中增设第58条"守门人"条款。该条款从保护个人信息角度,将提供重要互联网平台服务、用户数量巨大、业务类型复杂的大型互联网平台确立为"守门人",并在实践中出台了细化规则,明确独立机构的角色定位,从企业合规性及社会责任等多个方面进行规制,体现出"守门人"立法的中国智慧。
英文摘要:
      In the digital economy era, some super platforms use their data advantage to handle personal information and impede fair competition, which has challenged the neutrality of the "gatekeepers" in the traditional theory. As a result, the "gatekeeper" system has become a focus in cybersecurity legislation. In 2020, the European Commission issued two proposals, the Digital Markets Act and the Digital Services Act, which came into effect in 2022 and established the "digital gatekeeper" system, providing useful references for antitrust regulation and governance in the digital economy. In 2021, China added Article 58, the "gatekeeper" provision, to the Personal Information Protection Law. From the perspective of protecting personal information, this provision identifies large-scale internet platforms that provide important internet services, have a huge user base, and operate complex business types as "gatekeepers". In practice, specific rules have been introduced to clarify the role of independent institutions and regulate multiple aspects such as corporate compliance and social responsibility, which reflect the Chinese wisdom in "gatekeeper" legislation.
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