文章摘要
万成.五四运动前的学生救国会:从“爱国”到“救国”[J].唐山学院学报,2024,37(2):9-16
五四运动前的学生救国会:从“爱国”到“救国”
The Student Country-Saving Association Before the May Fourth Movement: From "Loving the Country" to "Saving the Country"
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2024.02.002
中文关键词: 五四运动  学生救国会  爱国  救国
英文关键词: the May Fourth Movement  Student Country-Saving Association  loving the country  saving the country
基金项目:
作者单位
万成 华中师范大学 马克思主义学院,武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      1918年的"五·二一"大请愿是五四运动的前奏和预演,也是中国学生的第一次游行请愿运动。这次请愿中成立的学生爱国会在某种程度上可以说是五四运动的直接发起者、组织者和推动者。学生爱国会后因当时的社会政治背景、青年学生国家观的转变和关怀政治的现实诉求而改名为学生救国会,并在五四运动的前夕通过开办国民杂志社、组织平民教育讲演团、召集北大"五三晚会"等一系列现实活动,为五四示威游行做了思想和组织上的充分准备。
英文摘要:
      The "May 21st Petition" in 1918 was a prelude and rehearsal of the May Fourth Movement,and also the first petition among Chinese students. The Student Patriotic Association established in this petition was to some extent the direct initiator, organizer, and promoter of the May Fourth Movement. Due to its social and political background, change of young students’ national views, and practical demands for political concern, this association was renamed into Student Country-Saving Association, which made sufficient preparations in terms of ideology and organization for the May Fourth demonstration through a series of practical activities such as establishing National Magazine Press,organizing a public education speech group,and convening the "May Third Evening Party" on the eve of the Movement.
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