文章摘要
俞慧莹.反不正当竞争罚款制度精细化研究[J].唐山学院学报,2024,37(1):67-75
反不正当竞争罚款制度精细化研究
Study on the Refinement of the Anti-Unfair Competition Fine System
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2024.01.010
中文关键词: 反不正当竞争法  罚款  最优威慑  比例原则  倍率式罚款  裁量因素
英文关键词: Anti-Unfair Competition Law  fines  optimal deterrence  principle of proportionality  multiplier-based fines  discretionary factors
基金项目:2022年度中南大学研究生自主探索创新项目(1053320215645)
作者单位
俞慧莹 中南大学 法学院, 长沙 410017 
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中文摘要:
      我国反不正当竞争罚款制度存在处罚上下限设计不当和处罚裁量区间过大等问题。为解决该问题,发挥罚款效用,反不正当竞争罚款制度应以实现最优威慑为主要目标。在反不正当竞争罚款设定时应充分运用比例原则,既要考量多元利益平衡,又要兼顾与民事赔偿之间的衔接,避免整体威慑过度。基于此,反不正当竞争罚款制度的优化举措应为:以精细化罚款为优化思路;罚款设定方式改用倍率数距式为主、数值封顶式为辅;罚款裁量时需考虑基础裁量因素、辅助裁量因素和特别裁量因素。
英文摘要:
      In China's fine system for anti-unfair competition, there are some issues such as improper design of upper and lower penalty limits and a wide range of discretionary penalties. In order to address these problems and maximize the effectiveness of fines, the primary objective of the anti-unfair competition fine system should be to achieve optimal deterrence. When setting fines for anti-unfair competition, the principle of proportionality should be fully utilized, taking into account both the balance of multiple interests and the connection with civil compensation, in order to avoid the overall excessive deterrence. Based on this, the article proposes optimization measures for the anti-unfair competition fine system:adopting a refined fines as the optimization path; using a multiplier-based approach as the main method for setting fines, supplemented by a capped numerical approach; considering basic discretionary factors, auxiliary discretionary factors, and special discretionary factors when imposing fines.
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