文章摘要
杨黎.历史唯物主义何以能兼容道德——论凯·尼尔森对马克思主义道德观的辩护[J].唐山学院学报,2024,37(1):27-33,40
历史唯物主义何以能兼容道德——论凯·尼尔森对马克思主义道德观的辩护
How Historical Materialism is Compatible with Morality: A Defense of Marxist Ethics by Kai Nielsen
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2024.01.005
中文关键词: 凯·尼尔森  马克思主义  历史唯物主义  道德  意识形态
英文关键词: Kai Nielsen  Marxism  historical materialism  morality  ideology
基金项目:2021年度安徽省高校协同创新项目(GXXT-2021-035)
作者单位
杨黎 安徽大学 马克思主义学院, 合肥 230601 
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中文摘要:
      马克思主义的唯物史观是否蕴含客观的道德观在学术界一直存在争议。凯·尼尔森以"正义之争"为问题导向,提出其背后更为基础性的道德伦理问题,他在驳斥马克思主义反道德主义的基础上,通过对马克思主义意识形态概念的辨析捍卫了马克思主义的道德观,指出马克思在讨论道德与意识形态两者关系时,选用了道德社会学层面,而非道德哲学维度。凯·尼尔森提出的语境主义道德观解决了反道德主义所提出的历史唯物主义如何兼容道德的争议性难题,但是他从语境主义而非哲学意义的角度理解历史唯物主义,所形成的理论具有一定的不彻底性,难以达到对反道德主义的根本性批判。
英文摘要:
      Whether Marxist historical materialism contains objective ethics has long been debated in academia. With a focus on the "debate over justice", Kai Nielsen has raised more fundamental moral and ethical questions. By refuting the anti-morality stance of Marxism, he defended the Marxist ethics through a careful examination of Marxist ideological concepts, and pointed out that Marx, when discussing the relationship between morality and ideology, employed the sociological dimension rather than the philosophical dimension of the ethics. The contextualist ethics proposed by Nielsen resolves the controversial issue of how historical materialism can accommodate ethics, which was raised by the anti-morality position. However, his interpretation of historical materialism from a contextualist rather than a philosophical standpoint leads to a certain degree of incompleteness in his theories and makes it difficult to provide a fundamental critique of anti-morality.
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