文章摘要
吴巧霞,樊志民.从关系型信用到契约型信用: 唐代农村借贷关系演进的经济史考察[J].唐山学院学报,2016,29(1):79-84
从关系型信用到契约型信用: 唐代农村借贷关系演进的经济史考察
From Relational Credit to Contractual Credit: the Evolution of Rural Credit in the Tang Dynasty From the Perspective of Economic History
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2016.01.015
中文关键词: 唐代  农村借贷  信用关系演进
英文关键词: Tang Dynasty  rural debtor-creditor relationship  evolution of debtor-creditor relationship
基金项目:教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(13JZD036)
作者单位
吴巧霞 西北农林科技大学 中国农业历史文化研究中心, 陕西 咸阳 712100 
樊志民 西北农林科技大学 中国农业历史文化研究中心, 陕西 咸阳 712100 
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中文摘要:
      从经济史的角度分析唐代农贷体系的演变, 观察唐代社会经济的运行。通过研究借贷关系的转变, 即由关系型借贷向契约型借贷转变, 由被动借贷向主动借贷转变, 由重义轻利向利益性的转变, 可以发现唐代农贷体系以关系型信用为主, 借贷契约制度发展迅速, 后者成为传统社会农村借贷由关系型信用向契约型信用演进的标识。这种演变, 促进了农村金融的流转, 代表了商品经济更深层次的发展和社会文明的进步。
英文摘要:
      The authors of this paper study the evolution of the agricultural credit system and the economic operations in the Tang Dynasty from the perspective of the economic history. The changes in the debtor-creditor relationships, namely the transformation from passive lending to active lending, from the loyalty-focused credit to interest-focused credit demonstrate that the relational credit dominated the agricultural credit system in the Tang Dynasty, and the system of contractual credit developed rapidly, which was a indicator of the evolution of the traditional rural debtor-creditor relationship from relational credit to contractual credit. This kind of evolution promoted the circulation of rural finance and represented the development of commodity economy and the progress of social civilization.
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