文章摘要
代冬芳.基于我国省际动态面板数据的开放经济对区域创新能力影响实证研究[J].唐山学院学报,2021,34(3):53-61
基于我国省际动态面板数据的开放经济对区域创新能力影响实证研究
Empirical Study on the Impact of Open Economy on Regional Innovation Capability Based on China’s Provincial Dynamic Panel Data
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2021.03.009
中文关键词: 开放经济  区域创新能力  影响机理  面板数据
英文关键词: open economy  regional innovation capability  impact mechanism  panel data
基金项目:2019年度河北省社会科学发展研究重点课题(2019020202002);河北省科技厅科技计划(指令)项目(2019450024)
作者单位
代冬芳 唐山学院 电子商务学院, 河北 唐山 063000 
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中文摘要:
      新冠肺炎疫情对世界经济产生了破坏性影响,在这一影响下我国区域创新能力的作用则更加凸显。而在经济全球化的背景下,开放经济的影响越来越大。文章将开放经济与区域创新能力结合起来,就开放经济对区域创新能力带来的影响进行了实证分析。首先,从理论的角度分析了开放经济对区域创新能力的影响机理;其次,基于2000-2019年31个省际面板数据,运用OLS回归、固定效应回归、GMM回归3种方法分析开放经济对区域创新能力的具体影响,并就3种方法的结果进行了比较,估计结果显示,三种方法中国际直接投资对区域创新能力影响都非常大,而且GMM回归结果表明国际直接投资对区域创新能力的时间滞后效应为正;相较于国际直接投资,进出口对区域创新能力的影响较小。基于此,提出了促进经济开放和提高区域创新能力的相应对策。
英文摘要:
      COVID-19 has a devastating impact on the world economy,under which the role of regional innovation capacity in China is more prominent. With economic globalization,the influence of open economy is more and more important. This paper combines open economy with regional innovation capability,and makes an empirical analysis on the impact of open economy on regional innovation capability. First of all,the impact mechanism is analyzed from theoretical perspective. Then,OLS regression,fixed effect regression and GMM regression are applied to analyze the specific impact based on the panel data of China’s 31 provinces from 2000 to 2019,and the results of the three methods are compared. The estimation results show that international direct investment has a great impact on regional innovation capability in all three methods. Moreover,GMM regression results show that the time lag effect of international direct investment on regional innovation capability is positive. Compared with international direct investment,the impact of import and export on regional innovation capacity is weaker. Based on the above results,this paper puts forward the corresponding countermeasures to promote economic opening and to improve regional innovation ability.
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