文章摘要
刘晓宇.保护规范理论在行政诉讼原告资格判定中的适用研究[J].唐山学院学报,2020,32(4):52-61,103
保护规范理论在行政诉讼原告资格判定中的适用研究
Research on the Application of Protection Norm Theory in the Determination of Plaintiff's Qualification in Administrative Litigation
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2020.04.009
中文关键词: 原告资格  保护规范理论  主观公权利  行政法上请求权
英文关键词: the plaintiff qualification  protection norm theory  subjective public rights  claim in administrative law
基金项目:
作者单位
刘晓宇 中国政法大学 法学院, 北京 100088 
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中文摘要:
      源流于德国的保护规范理论,为我国行政诉讼的原告资格判定提供了新的裁判思路。保护规范理论的法理正当性与异质性互相蕴含,其备受争议的司法适用上的不确定性源于其理论内涵的开放性,此恰好成就了其持久的生命力和创造力。但基于根植于外国法的渊源特性与规范化适用路径的缺失,保护规范理论在我国面临司法适用上的机械、僵化、严苛等困境。因此亟须进行步骤化提炼,具体可运用公法规范"私人利益保护指向"来解释案涉法规范所保护的利益性质及判定主观公权利的存无,从而提炼出特定人的行政法上请求权,构成起诉人行使主观公权利的请求权基础,实现行政诉权与实体请求权之间的对照和联结。
英文摘要:
      The essentials of the protection norm theory originating from Germany provides a new judgment idea for the plaintiff qualification judgment in our administrative litigation. The legal legitimacy and heterogeneity of this theory contain each other. The uncertainty of its controversial judicial application stems from the openness of its theoretical connotation, which just leads to its lasting vitality and creativity. However, due to the origin of foreign laws and the lack of standardized application paths, this theory is faced with the difficulties of being mechanical, rigid and harsh in judicial application in China. Therefore, it is urgent to carry out step-by-step refinement, where the public law norm "protection direction of private interests" can be used to explain the nature of the interests protected by the case-related law norm and to judge the existence or absence of subjective public rights, so as to refine the claim right of a specific person in administrative law, form the basis of the prosecutor's claim right to exercise subjective public rights, and realize the contrast and connection between administrative claim right and substantive claim right.
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