文章摘要
王艳.“互助论”与李大钊思想的转变[J].唐山学院学报,2020,32(4):1-7,21
“互助论”与李大钊思想的转变
“Mutual Aid Theory” and Li Dazhao's Ideological Transformation
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2020.04.001
中文关键词: 李大钊  互助思想  物心两面改造观
英文关键词: Li Dazhao  mutual aid thought  Material and Spiritual Reformation Theory
基金项目:
作者单位
王艳 山东大学 政治学与公共管理学院, 山东 青岛 266237 
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中文摘要:
      1919年,李大钊发表《我的马克思主义观》一文,较为系统地介绍了马克思主义,这被认为是其转变为马克思主义者的标志。在这篇文章中,李大钊将"互助"与阶级斗争并举,坚持了"物心两面"的社会改造观。然而,长期以来,李大钊的互助思想被认为是"互助论"无政府主义的思想残余,是李大钊向马克思主义者转变的沉重负担。实际上,在接受"进化论"的基础上,李大钊形成了个人独特的互助思想。在由急进的民主主义者转变为马克思主义者的过程中,他的互助思想非但没有成为负担,反而推动了这一转变。其早期的互助思想为他理解并接受马克思主义奠定了思想基础;在他接受阶级斗争学说后,其互助思想也未与之相冲突,而是在经过马克思主义视域下的改造后,逐渐失去原有的"互助进化"色彩,成为社会主义精神层面的改造工具。
英文摘要:
      In 1919, Li Dazhao published the article My View on Marxism, where Marxism was systematically introduced, which was considered to be a sign of his transformation into a Marxist. In this article, Li Dazhao juxtaposed mutual aid with class struggle, and insisted on his Material and Spiritual Reformation Theory. However, for a long time, Li Dazhao's thought on mutual aid has been regarded as a remnant of anarchism with mutual aid and a heavy burden of his transformation to a Marxist. Actually, Li Dazhao formed his unique thought on mutual aid after accepting Evolution Theory. In the process of his transformation from a radical Democrat to a Marxist, his thought on mutual aid didn't become a burden, but promoted the transformation process. Li Dazhao's early thought on mutual aid laid the ideological foundation for him to understand and accept Marxism. After the acceptance of class struggle theory, his thought on mutual aid did not conflict with it. Under the Marxist transformation, this thought gradually lost the original indication of "mutual evolution" and became the transformation tool of socialist spirit.
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