文章摘要
吴汉全.主义·政党·道路——李大钊思想体系的逻辑架构论要[J].唐山学院学报,2020,33(2):7-27
主义·政党·道路——李大钊思想体系的逻辑架构论要
Belief, Political Party and Path: on the Logical Framework of Li Dazhao Ideological System
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2020.02.002
中文关键词: 李大钊思想体系  主义  政党  道路  逻辑架构
英文关键词: Li Dazhao ideological system  belief  political party  path  logical architecture
基金项目:国家社科基金重大招标项目(12&ZD108)
作者单位
吴汉全 杭州师范大学 马克思主义学院, 杭州 311121 
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中文摘要:
      李大钊思想体系是在"主义-政党-道路"的逻辑架构中形成和发展起来的。李大钊在"人生"探索中恪守"主义"的信仰,坚持"主义"的自信,在探寻"主义"的道路上不断前行,成为中国最早的马克思主义者,故而"主义"乃是李大钊思想体系的逻辑支点,而"主义"的探索也就成为李大钊思想发展进程中的基本线索。李大钊一直将"政党"作为考量的对象,从学理与现实政治的结合中阐明"政党"与政治变革的逻辑关联,汲取十月革命中布尔什维克领导政治革命的成功经验,并在五四时代的推进下基于"团体训练"理念创建中国共产党,继而又在"政党联合"思想基础上从事创立国共合作统一战线的工作,故而政党思想也就成为李大钊思想体系中不可缺少且极为重要的组成部分。李大钊承继新文化运动由个人解放而进至社会改造的方向,在十月革命影响下将社会改造问题作为其思想体系的主要议题,并在"走向社会"的时代浪潮中主动地选择了苏俄式的革命"道路"。概而言之,"人生""政治""社会"是李大钊思想体系中的关键词,并衍化出"主义"→"政党"→"道路"的内在逻辑,从而支撑起李大钊思想体系的大厦。
英文摘要:
      Li Dazhao ideological system developed under the logical framework of "belief, political party and path". During his whole lifetime, Li Dazhao firmly believed in the "belief", showed great confidence in it, constantly moved forward on his way to its exploration, and became the earliest Marxist in China. In this way, "belief" was the logical pivot and the exploration about it is the basic clue during the development of this system. He always took political party as his research object. Based on the combination of theory and actual politics, he demonstrated the logical connection between political party and political reform. With the successful political revolution experience led by Bolshevik during the October Revolution and the impetus of May Fourth Movement, he planned to establish CPC based on the concept of group training. After that, he carried about the unification between the Kuomintang and CPC based on the concept of political party alliance. Therefore, the political party idea became the indispensable and great important element in the whole ideological system. Li Dazhao followed the direction from individual liberation to social reform during the New Cultural Movement. Under the influence of the October Revolution, social reform was regarded as the main topic for his system and the Soviet-style revolutionary path was selected on his own initiative at the historical background. In brief summary, life, politics and society are the key words in Li Dazhao ideological system. They produce the inner logic of "belief-political party-path", which constitutes the whole ideological system.
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