文章摘要
席婷婷.图腾信仰:个体与社会连接的方式——读《宗教生活的基本形式》[J].唐山学院学报,2016,29(1):71-74
图腾信仰:个体与社会连接的方式——读《宗教生活的基本形式》
Tokenism as a Way of Connecting Individuals and Society: a Comment on The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life
  
DOI:10.16160/j.cnki.tsxyxb.2016.01.013
中文关键词: 宗教  图腾信仰  个体  社会  神圣  凡俗
英文关键词: religion  tokenism  individual  society  the holy  the profane
基金项目:
作者单位
席婷婷 中央民族大学 民族学与社会学学院, 北京 100081 
摘要点击次数: 1918
全文下载次数: 868
中文摘要:
      涂尔干的宗教社会学思想一如既往地体现了社会唯实论的主张, 认为宗教是社会性的, 其本质在于神圣与凡俗的二元对立。同时, 他跳出泛灵论与自然崇拜之争, 认为图腾信仰才是宗教真正的起源。图腾是一种符号, 是一种关于匿名的非人格的力的宗教。图腾有集体与个人之分。集体欢腾作为图腾信仰的核心表现形式, 将个人与社会联接起来, 使社会秩序实现良性运行。
英文摘要:
      Emile Durkheim's sociology of religion reflects the theory of social realism. He argued that religion was social reality, and that its essence lay in the binary opposition between the holy and the profane. In the meantime,he went beyond the dispute between animism and naturism and contended that tokenism was the origin of religion. The totem is a symbol and a religion about anonymous impersonal forces. Totem is both collective and individual. Collective exult, as the core of tokenism, connects individuals and society, and is capable of achieving the benign operation of the social order.
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